Surgery, Gastroenterology and Oncology
Vol. 20, Nr. 3, September 2015
Circulating miR-21 and TGF-b1 expression levels in patients with cardiovascular diseases
Irina Huica, Iulia V. Iancu, Anca Botezatu, Otilia Banu, Elena Lupeanu, Mariana Anton
ORIGINAL PAPER, September 2015
Article DOI: 10.21614/jtmr-20-3-44
Recent works focus on the role microRNAs (miRNAs) play in regulation of cardiovascular pathology. One of the miRNAs highly expressed in cardiovascular system is miR-21. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression level of miR-21 in cardiac disease and correlate with TGF-b1, one of its targets.

Methods: Plasma samples from patients with CVD (cardiovascular diseases) established according to clinical and paraclinical exams were subjected to total RNAs isolation. miR-21 expression levels in patients with CVD and in healthy control subjects were quantified on ABI 7300 real-time PCR (Applied BioSystems) and normalized to RNU-43. TGF-b1 was predicted as potential target of miR-21 using MicroCosm TARGETS and quantified in TaqMan system (normalized to GAPDH). Statistical analysis was performed with GraphPad Prism.

Results: Significant lower levels of miR-21 were found in CVD patients vs. controls (p<0.0001). An inverse correlation between miR-21 and TGF-β1 expression levels was noted in CVD patients. miR-21 levels vs. control were significantly different for ATHE, CAD and ATH groups (p=0.0016, 0.0058 and 0.0032 respectively) and correlated with TGF-b1 expression and cardiac overload.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest a good correlation between miR-21 and TGF-b1 in cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: miR-21, TGF-b1, cardiovascular disease.

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Surgery, Gastroenterology and Oncology is indexed in Scopus, CrossRef (DOI: 10.21614/sgo)

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