Current Medicine Around the World

2021 - September

Emergency Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with Low-Pressure Pneumo-Peritoneum in Cardiopulmonary Risk Patients: Fundus-Calot Cholecyste....
Tamer A.A.M. Habeeb, Mahmoud Abdouyassin, Fady Mehaney Habib, Muhammad A. Baghdadi
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-370
Read article Background: Elderly complains of cardiopulmonary diseases, and the incidence of emergent gallbladder diseases increases with age. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the usual approach in dealing with cholelithiasis that significantly replaces the open approach even in acute emergency gallbladder diseases. This study aimed to compare between initial Fundus first cholecystectomy followed by Calot dissection vs Calot first cholecystectomy in Emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low-pressure pneumo-peritoneum in cardiopulmonary risk patients regarding intraoperative data and p....[more]
Role of Laparoscopic Splenectomy in Isolated High-Grades Splenic Injuries: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Tamer A.A.M. Habeeb, Emad Salah, Ahmed S. Mohamed , Said M. Negm
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-369
Read article Background: Spleen is the most common intra-abdominal organ injury in blunt abdominal trauma. Splenectomy (open or laparoscopic) plays a role in the treatment of severe injuries of spleen or after the failure of conservative treatment. Aim of the work: to compare the outcomes between open versus laparoscopic splenectomy in high-grade splenic injuries (GradesIII-IV).

Methods: This study includes 70 patients with various grades of splenic injuries in abdominal trauma. The patients were 15 years and older. They were categorized into two groups: open splenectomy gro....[more]
Correlation of HIV Status to Non-HPV Associated Benign Surgical Perianal Pathologies
Mpapho Joseph Motsumi, John Thato Tlhakanelo
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-221
Read article Purpose: To describe correlation of benign non-HPV associated perianal conditions and HIV status in patients seen at Princess Marina Hospital.

Methods: A one-year (January - December 2017) retrospective study conducted at Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone. The University of Botswana, Ministry of Health and Princess Marina Hospital granted ethical clearance. Data was collected from the Accident and Emergency department triage forms and medical records.

Results: One hundred and fourteen (114) patient files were reviewed. Sixty-six (66) were male ....[more]
A Rare Liver Tumor: Case Report and Literature Review
Choi Chin Wa, Leong Chin Wan, Iao Kin Sang, Chu Man Leng, Jose Costa-Maia, Pang Heong Keong
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-350
Read article The incidence of distant metastasis from meningioma is reported to be rare. Only about 0.1% of meningiomas metastasize outside the central nervous system (1), with 11 cases of liver metastasis reported in PubMed. A consensus about screening programs and treatment plan for metastatic meningioma is still lacking.
Surgical resection remains the first option for the treatment and should be performed in Centers with adequate experience. We report a case of metastatic liver tumor from an atypical meningioma and reviewed similar previously publishedcases, summarizing potential risk fa....[more]

2021 - July

A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study on Clinico-Endoscopic Profile of Patients Presenting with Dyspepsia
S. Jayasakthi, Gokul D. Yatheendranathan, Naren Kumar A
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-267
Read article Background: Dyspepsia is defined as an upper gastrointestinal symptom complex, characterized by epigastric pain and or discomfort for minimum four weeks including burning sensation and may also comprise abdominal bloating, heartburn, early satiety or nausea, acid regurgitation, feeling of abnormal or slow digestion and excessive burping belching. the most common causes of dyspepsia are peptic ulcer disease, gastro-esophageal refIux (with or without esophagitis), and malignancy. This study was carried out to describe the clinical, endoscopic and epidemiological profile of patie....[more]
Cut-off Point Prostate-Specific Antigen and Prostate-Specific Antigen Density in Prostate Cancer - Suspected Patients in Makassar, I....
Moch Ilfan Gunadi, Muhammad Asykar Palinrungi, Khoirul Kholis, Syakri Syahrir, Syarif, Arifin Seweng, Muhammad Faruk
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-232
Read article Background: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a test performed to detect prostate cancer. Currently, no rational standard exists for its cut-off point, which results in increased patients due to prostate biopsy complications. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the estimated PSA cut-off point and PSA density (PSAD) in patients with suspected prostate cancer (CaP) in Makassar.

Methods: The study sample was patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and cancer of the prostate (CaP) in Makassar, Indonesia. Statistical tests were performed with the Mann-....[more]
Evaluation of Serum Prostate Specific Antigen as a Biomarker for Breast Carcinoma
Rochelle Felicidade Antao, Lancelot Lobo, Nawin Kumar, Abhijit Sudhakar Shetty, Praveen Mahantesh Pawar, Shruti Mujumdar
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-254
Read article Objective: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a very important tumor marker for prostate cancer. The PSA was thought to be produced exclusively by the epithelial cells of the prostate gland, but a large body of evidence suggests that PSA is not a prostate-specific molecule and has been shown to be present in many forms of female tissues. The aim of the study is to evaluate serum PSA levels as a biomarker for breast carcinoma.

Methods: This was a prospective study where patients presenting with breast lump with a trucut FNAC report suggestive of benign or maligna....[more]
Ki-67 as a Predicting Factor of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Clinical Response for Local Advanced Breast Cancer in Indonesia
Diani Kartini, Ahmad Kurnia, Yasser Jayawinata, Levina Chandra Khoe, Kevin Varian Marcevianto
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-308
Read article Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common health problems in Indonesia where 42.7% of patients have been diagnosed with Local Advanced Breast Cancer (LABC). Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is aimed to decrease the tumor size to be operable and decrease mortality. Ki-67 is highly expressed in the cell proliferation phase, while chemotherapy agents work effectively by targeting this proliferation. This study evaluates the utility of Ki-67 in LABC patients of the Asian-Indonesian population.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. Ki-67 data was fro....[more]
Histopathological Review of 1510 Appendices Removed for Acute Appendicitis in a Teaching Hospital in Jordan: A Retrospective Analysi....
Mohammad K.M. Al-Wiswasy, Yasameen A.M. Al-Sharqi, Hamzeh Al-Balas, Raith A.S. Al-Saffar, Mahmoud Al-Balas, Kamal E. Bani-Hani, Mustafa Salman Yousuf
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-272
Read article Introduction: Acute appendicitis is one of most common surgical procedures with a lifetime incidence of 7%. The diagnosis of acute appendicitis is considered challenging despite advancement in technology and imaging modalities. Unusual histologic findings mandate a careful histological examination of all resected specimens.

Methods: A retrospective study of 1510 patients who underwent appendectomy for a presumptive diagnosis of appendicitis from January 2011 to December 2017. The aim of this study is to review appendectomy specimens regarding diagnostic accuracy....[more]
Defining Clinical Complete Response Using Endoscopy and Computed Tomography in Esophageal Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiothera....
Navarat Tangbumrungtham, Nuttapong Ngamphaiboon, Chuleeporn Jiarpinitnun, Poompis Pattaranutaporn, Suriya Chakkaphak, Kanpat Visutjindapon, Papawee Paisan, Kornkanok Somboonpun, Pitichote Hiranyatheb
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-300
Read article Background: The validity of a clinical complete response (cCR) for predicting pathological complete response (pCR) and oncologic outcomes in esophageal cancer patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy (CRT) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of post-CRT patients with cCR using our available combined tools.

Methods: Locally advanced esophageal cancer patients who received neoadjuvant or definitive CRT at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. After completing CRT, combined endoscopy and CT findings were used to define cCR, and t....[more]
Iatrogenic Duodenal Injuries, Analysis of the Surgical Treatment
Jair Díaz-Martínez*, Antonio Merlin-Gallegos, Nayeli Pérez-Correa, Berenice Edelmira Carbajal-López
Current Medicine Around the World
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-eC-325
Read article Background: When an iatrogenic duodenal injury occurs, it represents one of the biggest challenges in surgery. The objective of this study is to describe and analyze the surgical treatment of iatrogenic duodenal injuries in a Regional Reference Center.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2016 to December 2019.

Results: We found nine patients, mainly were male (n=5), in the sixth decade of life. Most of these injuries were secondary to gallbladder and bile duct procedures (n=5). The average time elapsed between injury and repa....[more]