Surgery, Gastroenterology and Oncology
Vol. 25, Nr. 5, Dec 2020
Results of an Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Protocol for Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery at a Super-Tertiary Referral Hospital in Thailand
Thammawat Parakonthun, Thikhamporn Tawantanakorn, Jirawat Swangsri, Tharathorn Suwatthanarak, Nicha Srisuworanan, Voraboot Taweerutchana, Chainarong Phalanusitthepa, Atthaphorn Trakarnsanga, Thawatchai Akaraviputh, Asada Methasate, Vitoon Chinswangwatanakul
Article DOI: 10.21614/sgo-25-5-248
Background: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol has been shown to reduce recovery period and postoperative complications. This prospective study aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of ERAS in patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal (UGI) surgery.

Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for benign or malignant diseases of the esophagus, esophagogastric junction, or stomach during October 2018-December 2019 were included. Outcomes compared between ERAS and conventional care (CC) included length of hospital stay (LOS), postoperative complications, mortality, recovery, and hospitalization cost.

Results: Eighty-eight (32 ERAS, 56 CC) patients were included. ERAS had shorter LOS (5.5 vs. 12.5 days, p<0.001), earlier time to toleration of oral soft diet (3 vs. 8 days, p<0.001), faster time to first defecation (71.6 vs. 114.5 hours, p<0.001), early ambulation (43.8 vs. 84.6 hours, p=0.010), and reduced hospitalization cost (197,140 vs. 256,315 Thai baht, p<0.032).
C-reactive protein level on postoperative day 1 was significantly lower in ERAS patients (61.3 vs. 87.9 mg L, p=0.027). BMI recovery occurred within 3 and 6 months in ERAS and CC, respectively. There was no significant difference in surgery-related or nonsurgery- related complications between groups. No mortality was observed.

Conclusions: In a UGI surgical setting, ERAS accelerated recovery, reduced LOS, and lowered hospitalization cost.

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Surgery, Gastroenterology and Oncology is indexed in Scopus, CrossRef (DOI: 10.21614/sgo)

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